links to online readings


The Influence of Sound and Music on Images– by Bärbel Neubauer and William Moritz

The Art of Succession: Reading, Writing, and Watching Comics -by Tom Gunning


Origins of Animation

Class 1- Intro to Computer Animation
 HOFSTRA SYLLABUSScreen Shot 2014-09-04 at 2.37.29 PM

Origins of Animation

Early Cinema Experiments



Praxinoscope France (1877, Charles-Émile Reynaud)

Eadweard Muybridge

The Magic Lantern, (Kirchar, 1645)

Fantasmagorie, (Gaspard Robertson, 1831)

Fantasmagorie, (Emile Cohl, 1908)

Gertie the Dinosaur, (Windsor McCay , 1914)

SCREENINGS: Georges Méliès, A Trip to the Moon (1902) excerpt at 6:14
J Stuart Blackton, Humorous Phases of Funny Faces (1906)
Harry Smith, Interwoven 

Eadweard Muybridge click picture below for more examples of Muybridge’s early animal locomotion
Screen Shot 2014-09-03 at 9.22.45 AM
Wladyslaw Starewicz, The Cameraman’s Revenge (1912) Part 1 of 2
Part 2 of 2